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Global Supply Chain Structure and Operation

By their very nature, global supply chains are both extended and complex and usually require all the major modes (and sometimes minor modes) of transport to be used in order to move goods from the point of source through any required processing or production processes and on to the end-user.

For us to be able to make these movements as seamless and as cost effective as possible, it is important for us to ensure that we maximise the use of the most suitable modes of transport available for the goods in question. We will now assess the different modes of transport available to us and discuss their associated strengths and weaknesses as available modes of transport.

The major modes of transport are road, rail, water and air but as we are studying global trade we must also include Pipelines as a minor mode because pipelines are used to transport oil and gas over extremely long distances both nationally and internationally and from offshore to shore and vice versa.